10 Artistic Facts About The Bengal School of Art

The Bengal School of Art or Neo-Bengal School was founded by Abanindranath Tagore (1871-1951).
He was the nephew of Rabindranath Tagore and led the revivalist movement in Bengal in the field of
modern Indian paintings with the help of a band of disciples such as Nandalal Bose, A.K. Halder, K.N.
Majumdar, S.N. Gupta and a host of others.
1. Bengal school in painting was called the Renaissance School as well as the Revivalist School because this movement endeavoured for revival of the Indian ancient and medieval traditions.

2. The Bengal School of Art, was an art movement and a style of Indian painting that originated in Bengal, primarily Kolkata and Shantiniketan.

3. It is sometimes criticised because it took art back to the subject matter of ancient periods in an imitative manner without much creativity.
4. The Bengal painters have made best possible efforts to bring in the rhythm, linear gracefulness and poise of Ajanta in their painting. Influence of Mughal and Rajasthan School can also be seen.

5. Elegant and refined figures and the paintings exhibited skilfully exposed light and shade without any hardness.
6. Also known as ‘Indian style of painting ‘ in its early days, it was associated with Indian nationalism (swadeshi) and led by Abanindranath Tagore (1871-1951).

7. The Bengal school arose as an avant garde and nationalist movement reacting against the academic art styles previously promoted in India.

8. The artistic creed of this school was gradually challenged and new developments came about. A genuinely individual search for content and form led to a successful synthesis of Indian and
European techniques.
9. Bengal School of Art refers to the people or works that are experimental or innovative, particularly with respect to art, culture, and politics.

10. The Pilots of this school were Ernest Binfield Havell and Abanindranath Tagore.

The Bengal School of Art, flourished throughout India during the British Raj in the early 20th century. The neo- Bengal school was also promoted and supported by British arts administrators like E. B. Havell, the principal of the Government College of Art, Kolkata from 1896, eventually it led to the development of the modern Indian painting.